Fire Fighting Pump is a special type of water pump used for fire fighting and mop up, they are also very versatile pumps for use around the home or farm for all manner of other tasks that require pressurised water. These include water transfer, boom spraying, irrigation and stock watering as well as washing down machinery. They are available in petrol or diesel engine options and with a wide range of flow and head ratings to suit all budgets.
The inlet and discharge size of a fire fighting pump vary between 1″ to 4″. The larger the outlet, the quicker it is to move water from the inlet valve. This is an important factor when selecting a pump to ensure you have adequate pressure and flow for your application.
Fire pumps are a vital part of many water-based fire protection systems. They are used to increase the pressure (measured in psi and bar) of a water source when the system demand exceeds what the water supply can produce.
There are several different types of fire pumps on the market including positive displacement and centrifugal. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks. The selection of the right type of fire pump for your project is important to avoid excessive costs and to ensure that you have the proper pressures and flows for the system in question.
Gasoline fire fighting pump is available in a variety of styles including horizontal split-case pumps, end suction pumps and vertical turbine pumps. All have their advantages and disadvantages, but they all provide a high level of performance for their price and are highly reliable. They are easy to maintain due to their relatively simple split casing access and can be supplied with both electric and diesel drivers. They are however typically the most expensive type of fire pump on the market.
A key advantage of a gas pump is that it provides water at very high levels of pressure. This allows the fire fighters to quickly get on top of a fire and start the fire extinguishing process. This is especially important if the fire is in a difficult to reach location or if it is spreading rapidly.
The nozzle height of firefighting pumps can also be adjusted to meet specific requirements. This is useful in areas where the terrain can cause problems for traditional fire fighting techniques like hose reels. This also allows for the fire fighting pump to be positioned closer to the source of the fire, providing more direct spray coverage.
Another important consideration is the ability to deploy dry chemical agents. For example, a gas station fire suppression system uses sodium bicarbonate – commonly known as baking soda – that combines with an acidic ingredient to quickly extinguish a car or gas canopy fire. This type of fire suppression is particularly effective in windy conditions. It also works alongside other safety measures like automatic fuel shut-off to prevent additional fuel from being added to the fire.